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学习园地 - 专业四级学习小组

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    二,部分倒装

    52 Rebekah 2012-12-18 23:46

    部分倒装句是英语倒装句中最常见的一种,其语序的变化是将主语中助动词、情态动词提前,而真正的动词位于主语之后并不变化,从而形成引起倒装词+助动词(情态动词)+主语+谓语的结构。

    其目的是使句子结构变的更加严谨、平衡。常见到下列六种情况:

    ()So[such]...that的结果状语从句中,SO[such]放在句首,主语用部分倒装.

    1So fine Was the weather that we all went outlying in the sun

    天气如此好,我们都走出去躺在阳光下.

    2So careless was the boy that he made many mistakes in his study

    那个男孩非常粗心,学习中出现了许多错误.

    3Such Was his braveness that he alone defeated two robbers

    他非常勇敢,因此一个人竟打败了两名歹徒.

    ()虚拟语气中的非真实条件状语从旬,省if,可将shouldwerehad放在主语前,用部

    分倒装.

    1.Were I you , I would go at once.

    如果说是你,我马上就去。

    2Should she ring me up1 would help her

    如果她给我打电话,我就会帮助她。

    3Had I known you didnt have the key1 wouldnt have locked the door

    我要是知道你没有钥匙,我就不会把门锁上了。

    ()only所修饰的副词、介词短语或状语从旬,位于旬首时,应部分倒装

    1Only then did I know the fact

    只有那时,我才知道事实。

    2Only with joint d{orts cail we eontrol poilution

    只有通过共同的努力,我们才能控制污染。

    ()将宾语放在句首,强调宾语的时候,用部分倒装

    1.Still greater achievements will we make inour work

    我们将在工作中取得更大的成就。

    2Useful things can we make from the wasteliquid

    我们能从这种废液中提取有用的东西。

    ()as引导的让步状语从句,将表语、状语

    或部分动词位于句首+as+主语+谓语,形成部分

    倒装

    1Young as he ishe has been to many countries.

    他虽然年青,但已去过许多国家了。

    2Hard as they studiedthey made little progress

    虽然他们学习很努力,但进步不大。

    3Try as they mightthey didn't make any progress

    尽管他们努力了,但却没有取得任何进展。

    ()含有否定意义的副词或词组,如:nonotneverlittleseldomfewhardlyscarcelyrarelyunder no circumstancesnot onlyno sooner等位于句首,用部分倒装。

    1Never shall we forget the past

    我们永远不会忘记过去。

    2Seldom does he stay at home

    他很少呆在家里。

    3Hardly had he entered the room when the

    bell rang

    他刚一走进房间,铃声就响了。

    4In no case can we give in before difficulties

    我们决不能在困难面前低头。

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